Preserving rainwater is important for everyone these days, but even more so in the drought ridden state of Bihar, where last year the rainfall was 65% less than previous years. There are 28 states in India, 23 had normal levels of rainfall last year and 5 including Bihar had insufficient rainfall.
All our operational villages, located in the drought-prone agro-climatic zone of southern Bihar face water shortage problem for large parts of the year, especially during summers when there is severe dearth of water for irrigation, washing etc. In order to combat this problem we have started our new water harvesting programme in the villages where rain water is collected from roof-tops and stored in water tanks. The stored water can be used for various productive purposes like washing, cooking, sanitation requirements and watering of kitchen gardens in the household backyards.
Our Rainwater Harvesting programme was started with the aim of providing a sustained supply of water to the village communities. It will help in the accumulation and deposition of rainwater for reuse.
Interested households and schools are provided water tanks by our organisation free of cost but they have to bear the minimal cost of plumbing that would be required to install the system.
The rainwater harvesting system will enable the communities to utilize the locally available rain water to meet water requirements throughout the year. This would facilitate availability of uncontaminated water for domestic and irrigation needs.
How does it work?
The programme’s first step was to explain about rainwater harvesting-its importance and uses, to the target communities. Next, a list of the interested households and schools was prepared. The third has been to build an elevated platform where the water tanks will be fitted.
We started the project by conducting several meetings and discussions with the village communities, explaining to them the concept, uses and advantages of rain water harvesting.
Those interested were instructed to build platforms for the installation of water tanks and to fit pipes that would carry water from roof-tops to the tank. Already 32 households and 4 schools (Dema, Gopalkhera, Chando and Barsuddi) have the whole rainwater harvesting system in place while several others are in the process of installing it.
By the end of this project we expect all 18 of our villages to boast of household level water rainwater harvesting.